Rhyme

end rhyme eye rhyme internal rhyme rhyme rhyme scheme
  historical rhyme     slant rhyme

Rhyme When two or more words have both consonance and assonance, or the same middle and end sounds, but NOT the same beginning sounds. (Note: Words that sound the same do not rhyme; they are homophones.)

Ex: Time, slime, crime, grime

End Rhyme when words at the end of two or more lines of poetry rhyme

Internal Rhyme when words in the same line of a poem have both consonance and assonance

Perfect rhyme - when two (or more) words have the same number of syllables and similar middle and end sounds. (time - crime; macaroni - her baloney)

Slant rhyme A rhyme that is not perfect and has only similarity rather than identity of sound patterns (once France; lives - is; orange - door hinge); also called imperfect, near, partial, or off rhyme.

Eye rhyme when words are spelled similarly but pronounced differently (cough bough though rough)

Historical rhyme - a rhyme from an old poem whose words were once pronounced so that they rhymed, but no longer are; eye rhymes are often historical rhymes (a frequently occurring example is rhyming "prove" with "love").- see "archaic"

Rhyme scheme The pattern of end rhyme in a poem.  To correctly identify rhyme scheme, you need to look at the entire poem.  Rhyme scheme is identified by capital letters; the first end sound is an A, the next sound that is not similar to the first is a B, the third non-similar sound would be C, etc.

            Ex:      "Smart"  
by Shel Silverstein

My dad gave me a one-dollar bill                    A
'Cause I'm his smartest son,                             B
And I swapped it for two shiny quarters         C
'Cause two is more than one!                         B

And then I took the quarters                          C
And traded them to Lou                                 D
For three dimes - I guess he don't know       E
that three is more than two!                         D

Just then, along came old blind Bates         F
And just 'cause he can't see                         G
He gave me four nickels for my three dimes, H
And four is more than three!                       G

And I took the nickels to Hiram Coombs     I
Down at the seed-feed store,                       J
and the fool gave me five pennies for them, K
And five is more than four!                         J

And then I went and showed my dad,         L
and he got red in the cheeks                     M
And closed his eyes and shook his head-   N
Too proud of me to speak!                         M
 
When marking the rhyme scheme of a poem, continue lettering all the way to the end.  Do not start over at A when you move to a new stanza, and always remember to look back - sometimes a rhyme scheme will unexpectedly begin to repeat late in a poem.
 
If you are writing a sentence and want to indicate the rhyme scheme of a poem, simply write the letters side-by-side, leaving a space to indicate a new stanza.
Ex: The rhyme scheme of "Smart" by Shel Silverstein is  ABCB CDED FGHG IJKJ LMNM.